Long-term care can be provided in a variety of ways by a variety of people. Adult day care, nursing homes, assisted living, in-home care are some of the places and ways long-term care is provided. Each individual's case is different.
Caregivers for a person requiring long-term care also come in a variety of ways. Caregivers may be unpaid family members or friends. They may be paid individuals hired privately or through an agency.
The situations for long-term care may be combined. For instance, let's say there is an older gentleman with the early stages of Alzhiemer's Disease. He is still very much in possession of his faculties, but sometimes he forgets where he is and cannot be left alone. The family would like to keep him at home, but everyone works. They might hire a companion/homemaker to stay with him during the day. They may take him to an adult day care center when everyone is working.
At Golden Horizons, our primary goal is to help our clients stay home as long as possible. Therefore, when we provide long-term care, it is in a client's home, or residential/independent facility.
Long-term care is a broad topic involving many different particulars. Everyone's case is different. You have to find what is right for you.